Known as the silent destroyers, these insects are considered some of the most highly organised, cooperative groups with specialised behaviours in the animal kingdom. They are potentially deadly when it comes to agriculture in some parts of the world, while causing great damage to households, furniture and other wood related items. Though revered and used as totems in some parts of the world, these insects have now become common house hold pests that need to be controlled or managed.
Most often these pests are managed by using barriers such as chemical or physical barriers that are put in place to prevent termites from gaining access to any structures. However the growing understanding and knowldge about these pests have created new management systems such as the sentricon system for termite elimination. Which is a baiting system developed by Dow AgroSciences specially for treating subterranean termite colonies and as an alternative to chemical or physical barriers.
With the baiting system, a variety of small items or material are deployed or placed strategically to prevent termites from attacking the main structure that is to be protected. When these baits are deployed the termites are drawn to consume them instead. The foraging insects once they find this material quickly share it with their mates or others in the group, thereby eliminating the whole colony or gradually reducing the number of insects. However, care needs to be taken so that there will not be any dead termites in and around the baiting system, as this will deter them from foraging on the material provided. Therefore the trapping systems will most likely use wood, cardboard, paper or any other edible item mixed with a slow acting chemical that is deadly to termites. This substance is meant to act slowly so as to avoid too many dead termites at the baiting location.
Due to the varying nature of the termites, such as the damp wood, dry wood and subterranean termites, the treatment or control methods would also likely vary. Damp wood termites will need controlling mechanisms that prevent dampness from forming similar to methods used for booklice control. Any areas that collect water or wood damaged by water will have to be replaced. Similarly for the subterranean kind water or drainage around the structures need to be carefully managed. Action needs to be taken so that water does not stagnate along the lines or below the structure. Wood scraps or other attractions for the insects should not be allowed to be lying around the yard as well.
Therefore as with any control or pest management system, simply adding some tools or pesticides will not eliminate or solve the problem. Therefore in order for them to work, careful planning, monitoring and service by experts are required.